Water is the second most important thing we need to survive after oxygen. The cells in our body start to die in the absence of water for an extended period.
However, drinking contaminated water can also prove to be harmful. To maintain good health, we need an ample amount of pure drinking water. Water treatment plants can pull out impurities from the water and serve us with safe water.
Water treatment plants are capable of purifying contaminated water to a level that is safe to be released into the environment. When the treated water gets to water bodies, they do not degrade the quality of the water.
With the help of a water treatment plant, we can maintain the smell, color, taste, and quality of the water. The perfect plant can purify the water so thoroughly that it can be drunk without causing a health hazard.
What is the purpose of a water treatment plant?
Have you ever heard of water treatment plants? Have you ever wondered, what is the purpose of a water treatment plant? The purpose of a water treatment plant in simple terms is to purify wastewater to a safe level.
Wastewater that has been run through a water treatment plant can be safely released into the environment. When this treated water mixes in with the water in rivers and canals, it doesn’t decrease the water quality.
In industries, the purpose of a water treatment plant is to remove harmful organic and inorganic materials from the water.
Industrial wastewater may contain impurities such as toxic chemicals, shards of glass and plastic, color, and grease. These waste materials significantly decrease the quality of water.
They change the color, taste, and smell of the water. This contaminated water may become the perfect breeding ground for the germs of water-borne diseases. If water bodies keep getting contaminated this way, it will create a serious scarcity of pure drinking water.
In municipalities, a large amount of sewage has to be purified to keep the drainage system running. This sewage contains human and animal feces and other household waste materials.
The organic waste present in it turns the water sludge-like which may clog the drains. The purpose of a sewage treatment plant is to get rid of the organic waste present in the sewage and turn it into a liquid to maintain environmental balance. If they aren’t treated properly, they may create a health hazard.
Many plants and fishes reside in the water bodies. They are important to maintain ecological balance. Fishes are a great source of protein that most of us include in our diets.
Contaminated water can kill off the plants and fishes that live in the water bodies. Another purpose of a water treatment plant is to keep the water bodies clean of waste. This safe water can be the home for freshwater organisms and we can drink from it without any hesitation.
Types of water treatment plants
In Bangladesh, two types of water treatment plants are commonly seen. In industries, effluent treatment plants are used to deal with wastewater filled with toxic and chemical waste.
Municipalities use sewage treatment plants to treat organic waste present in household wastewater. Both of these water treatment plants are needed to maintain ecological balance and keep pure drinking water available for everyone.
Effluent Treatment Plant: These plants deal with harmful and toxic waste that is present in industrial wastewater. They work in several steps to make sure that the water is purified enough to be released into the environment.
They are capable of pulling out hazardous solid waste, toxic organic and inorganic chemicals, colors, grease, and germs from the wastewater. This treated water can safely mix in with water present in rivers and canals.
Sewage Treatment Plant: These plants mostly deal with residential waste such as human or animal excreta and food items. Since they mostly deal with organic waste, these plants need fewer steps to purify the water.
They use aerobic bacteria to break down the waste materials and turn the sludgy sewage into easily flowing liquid. This process is necessary to avoid the unpleasant smell, drain clogging, and health hazards.
We should use water treatment plants to treat every bit of wastewater before releasing it to harm the environment. These plants should be well planned, so they can efficiently deal with the wastewater.
Many companies are building the best quality water treatment plants to properly deal with the wastewater and keep safe water available for everyone. They should be made with good machinery and use quality chemicals to have the best result.
What kind of Water Treatment Plant should you get?
What kind of water treatment plant you should get primarily depends on the purpose. The plant that treats industrial water and the plant that treats municipal water is different. They vary in their function and level of purification.
To treat residential sewage you can install a sewage treatment plant and to purify industrial wastewater you would need to install an effluent treatment plant.
After deciding on which type of water treatment plant you should get, you should run a test on the wastewater. This testing has to be done by experts to have accurate results. The result will include the list of contaminants and the concentration that is found in the wastewater.
This detailed result will help the experts to sketch out a blueprint for the perfect water treatment plant for your purpose. You should also consider the amount of wastewater you want to purify and make sure your plant is powerful enough to deal with it.
The experts can give you an estimate of how much money you would need to spend to build the best water treatment plant. You should try not to be miserly and get it done on a small budget.
Water treatment plants are likely to be a one-time investment if you get it done well. If you get it done cheaply, the machinery may break down and need constant maintenance.
Besides, the treatment plant may fail to properly purify the wastewater. You should try your best to get the perfect water treatment plant for your purpose.
ABM Water has been planning, manufacturing, and maintaining water treatment plants in Bangladesh for more than two decades. Their experts are always ready to help you with your queries, so you can know everything about water treatment plants.
Their advice may help you decide on what kind of water treatment plant you need to get. They can also construct the best water treatment plant for you that will treat the water perfectly.