On average, humans can survive less than a week without water. Our cells aren’t capable of running without water for a long time. Water is one of the most important things to ensure human survival.
However, our water bodies are getting polluted, and groundwater is getting contaminated by heavy metals. A water treatment plant can eliminate impurities from the water and make sure we all have access to safe drinking water.
What is a water treatment plant?
You might have heard about how water treatment plants must be used for sustainable water management. You might have wondered, but what is a water treatment plant?
A water treatment plant is built with carefully planned machinery and runs with the help of different kinds of chemicals to make sure that impurities are being pulled out from wastewater. If it runs perfectly, it can purify wastewater to a level that is safe to drink.
As the wheels of the industrial revolution spun, the use of machinery and chemicals increased at an alarming rate. Water bodies have decomposer microorganisms that are capable of breaking down contaminants.
However, they are not sufficient to filter such a large amount of contaminants. That is why water treatment plants are needed to purify the water before releasing them into the water bodies.
Water treatment plants are capable of pulling out impurities such as solid waste, debris, heavy metals, oil, and germs from the water. This helps maintain the water quality, so everyone can have access to safe drinking water.
It can also make sure that the population of plants and animals living in the water bodies are not harmed. Treatment plants use processes like filtration, sedimentation, reverse osmosis, etc to perfectly purify the water.
Water treatment plants can be used by municipalities to cleanse sewage. Industries that produce toxic and chemical wastewater also have to equip themselves with water treatment plants.
These plants should be capable of removing impurities from the wastewater perfectly, so they can be released into the environment without harming it. This practice keeps safe water available for everyone and saves us from the risk of water-borne diseases and heavy metal poisoning.
Types of Water Treatment Plants
In Bangladesh, the most common water treatment plants are STP and ETP. STP or sewage treatment plants are used by municipalities to treat the sludge-like sewage that is produced in residential areas.
ETP or effluent treatment plants are generally used in industries where a large amount of toxic and harmful wastewater is produced. Both of these plants are important to keep up the environmental balance.
Sewage Treatment Plants: STPs are used in municipalities to treat the sludgy sewage that contains human and animal excreta and garbage from households.
These plants screen out large waste materials then run the wastewater through a tank that is enriched with aerobic bacteria. These bacteria break down the organic waste in the sewage and make it safe to be released into the environment.
Effluent Treatment Plants: ETP deals with industrial wastewater that contains a high concentration of organic and inorganic chemicals. This water may contain plastic, glass, oil, metal, and other waste materials.
It poses a big threat to human and animal health. Before releasing the water into water bodies, we need to run it through effluent treatment plants to keep safe drinking water available for everyone.
Both ETP and STP purify the water to a level that is safe to be released into the environment. An excess amount of organic and inorganic waste in the water can ruin the taste, smell, and color of the water.
This contaminated water can be a breeding ground for the germs of water-borne diseases. Diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, etc are common among people who drink contaminated water. STP and ETP can help us maintain water quality.
Why should you get Water Treatment Plants?
Water is a necessity none of us can do without. Water is also home to fishes, algae, and many plants. These organisms are a source of protein to us and they help maintain ecological balance.
If we contaminate water indiscriminately, they will die. As a result, the supply of fish will drop significantly and disrupt our diets. Keeping water bodies clean is not just a moral obligation but a need for us.
Water treatment plants clean the water in several different stages. As the water moves from one stage to another, it gradually becomes more purified.
Contaminated water bodies create an uncomfortable smell and are unpleasant to look at.
These water bodies are a discomfort for the people living around them. It is very expensive to reverse the damage but with the help of water treatment plants, we can prevent them from becoming that way.
If you are an industry owner, you should equip your industry with effluent treatment plants. Industries produce a huge amount of toxic and harmful waste that after a period can irreversibly damage any water body.
You should run a wastewater test before installing an ETP to make sure it can perfectly purify the water. You should also keep the machinery clean and well maintained and use good quality chemicals to get the best result.
In municipalities, sewage treatment plants are necessary to keep the drains flowing. If the sewage keeps collecting without getting treated, it will create a bad smell and become the breeding ground for germs.
STP separate feces and solid waste from the sewage and turn them into liquid. This makes the sewage water safe for the environment. These plants break down the contaminants with the help of bacteria.
What kind of Water Treatment Plant Should you get?
What kind of water treatment plant you should get depends on the purpose you want it to serve. ETP is a more complex mechanism than STP ones. That is why; it is more expensive to build an effluent treatment plant.
However, they have to be installed to thoroughly rid water of chemical and toxic waste that industries commonly produce. You cannot thoroughly purify industrial water with sewage treatment plants. You won’t need to install an effluent treatment plant to deal with sewage.
Before getting any kind of water treatment plant, you should run a test on the wastewater you are trying to treat. You should have experts run tests to determine how much waste is present in the water.
This will help you decide on what kind of machinery and chemical you would need for your water treatment plant to be effective. You must also make sure that the plant you are getting is capable of dealing with the amount of water your industry or municipality produces.
An expert can sketch out the plan for the best water treatment plant for you. They can also give you an estimate of how much money you would need to spend to build it.
You must not try to have it made cheaply. Cheaply made machinery will need more maintenance and may break down quickly. On top of that, they may not be capable of treating the water perfectly.
ABM Water manufactures, installs, and maintains best-performing water treatment plants. In the two decades they have been operating, they have built a large customer base that praises this company profusely.
You can contact their customer service if you have any queries regarding water treatment systems. Their experts can help you install the best water treatment plant that will serve your purpose.