Our bodies cannot survive more than a week without water. After oxygen, water is something that none of us can do without. Only a limited amount of the earth’s liquid surface is drinkable freshwater.
This drinkable water can be in rivers, canals, lakes, and underground. We are polluting the surface water with toxic, chemical, and organic waste and making safe drinking water scarce.
Underground water can be contaminated by arsenic and other heavy metals. We need water treatment plants to purify the water from contaminants.
Drinking contaminated water can cause water-borne diseases or heavy metal poisoning. Releasing untreated industrial wastewater and sewage into water bodies can disrupt ecological balance and kill off the organisms that live there.
What are the different types of water treatment plants?
You might have heard praises of water treatment plants. It might have made you wonder, but what are the different types of water treatment plants?
There are several kinds of the water treatment plant that vary in their functionalities and efficiency. All of them are important to treat wastewater and maintain ecological balance.
You should consider the kind of wastewater you want to purify and settle on getting the kind of treatment plant that is capable of dealing with it.
Effluent Treatment Plants: These plants are used in industries to treat toxic and chemical wastewater. They use processes such as sedimentation, bacterial breakdown, and different kinds of filters to purify the water.
Several steps are needed to make sure that the water is purified enough to be released into the environment. These plants can eliminate hazardous solid waste like shards of glass or plastic, toxic organic and inorganic chemicals, colors, grease, and germs from the wastewater.
The solid waste gets screened out. Coagulants are used to get the contaminants to clump together and gather at the base of the tank. Chlorine or ultraviolet rays can be used to disinfect the water. At the last stage, reverse osmosis is used to perfectly purify the water. This treated water can safely mix in with water present in rivers and canals.
Sewage Treatment Plants: These plants are mostly used by municipalities to deal with residential wastewater. Residential wastewater commonly contains human or animal excreta and food items. Since these plants deal with organic waste, they need fewer steps to purify the water. Without proper sewage treatment, unpleasant smells, drain overflow, etc will make our life difficult.
They use different sized screens to separate solid waste and debris from the wastewater. The finer the screen, the more solid waste they can separate. It is necessary to not clog the pipes in the next stages of purification.
They also use aerobic bacteria to break down the waste materials and turn the sludgy sewage into easily flowing liquid. This process is necessary to avoid the unpleasant smell, drain clogging, and health hazards.
Demineralization Plant: These plants are capable of erasing all traces of solids and minerals from the water. This treatment plant is used in industries where machines have to be fed with pure water.
If the feedwater is not treated well, it will clog the machinery. The ion exchanging process is done in these plants to soften the hard water and remove all kinds of minerals present in it.
Minerals can collect inside the machinery and cause them to function less efficiently. The machines may break down, and time and money would be needed to fix the issue. To avoid these troubles, it is prudent to feed the machines demineralized water. Most industries keep themselves equipped with demineralized water treatment plants.
Reverse Osmosis Plant: Reverse osmosis water treatment plants make use of the latest technology. They use a partial membrane that is capable of removing all molecules that are larger than a water molecule from the wastewater.
Reverse osmosis plants are getting more popular because they are capable of removing all the contaminants and turning the water into its purest form. These plants are used to purify water for industries and households.
In industries, they can be used to produce pure feedwater for the machines. It can also be used for the final stage of effluent purification.
Reverse osmosis plants can get rid of germs of water-borne diseases and heavy metals. They can purify the water to a level that is safe to drink. Using this plant can help everyone to have safe access to water.
We should treat every bit of wastewater before releasing it to harm the environment. For that purpose, we have to make use of all kinds of water treatment plants to not disrupt the environmental balance.
We should construct them according to a carefully thought out plan to make sure they can efficiently deal with the wastewater. Water treatment plant manufacturer companies have experts to build plants that can properly deal with the wastewater and keep safe water available for everyone.
The plants should be made with good machinery and use quality chemicals to have the best result.
Why should you get Water Treatment Plants?
The cells in our bodies start to die in absence of water. It is a necessity none of us can do without. Water is also home to fishes, algae, and many plants. These organisms are a source of protein to us, and they help maintain ecological balance.
If we contaminate water indiscriminately, they will die. As a result, the supply of fish will drop significantly and disrupt our diets. We need water treatment plants to keep water bodies clean and not disrupt the environmental balance.
Water treatment plants clean the water in several different stages. As the water moves from one stage to another, it gradually becomes more purified.
Contaminated water bodies produce a bad smell, the water looks aesthetically unpleasant, and tastes weird. It is expensive to reverse the damage, but with the help of water treatment plants, we can prevent them from becoming that way.
Water treatment plants should be used to treat every ounce of wastewater to not drain the limited supply of fresh water. You should run a wastewater test before installing a water treatment plant to make sure it can perfectly purify the water. You should also keep the machinery clean and well maintained and use good quality chemicals to get the best result.
What kind of water treatment plant should you get?
What kind of water treatment plant you should get depends on the purpose you want it to serve. ETP has a more complex mechanism than STP. It is more expensive to build an effluent treatment plant.
RO plants are needed where water is needed in its purest form. Demineralization plants are strictly used for industrial purposes.
Using a treatment plant that is over or underqualified to purify your wastewater would not be fruitful. It would be a waste of money and would not be able to purify the water thoroughly.
Before getting a water treatment plant, water testing is necessary. You should hire an expert to run a test on the wastewater you are trying to treat. It can help you to accurately determine how much waste is present in the water.
The experts can design the plant with effective machinery and chemical to produce the best result. The products used should be of good quality.
Otherwise, they will not be able to thoroughly purify the wastewater. Releasing partially purified water will do little to keep the ecological balance intact.
You must make sure that the plant you are getting is capable of dealing with the amount of water your industry or municipality produces. The machinery should be made with a maximum capacity that is a little more than the amount of wastewater you will be treating.
This way you can treat all the wastewater without burdening the plant and risking a breakdown. The planning should be done meticulously in the first place to avoid the trouble of making changes later on. You can employ a water treatment plant manufacturer company to determine and plan the best plant for you.
An expert can carefully look through the water test result, consider your preference, and make you the blueprint for the best water treatment plant.
They can also give you an estimate of how much money you would need, and where exactly you would need to spend to build it. This will help you formulate a budget for water treatment purposes.
You must not try to build a plant cheaply. This intention to be miserly will have you install poor quality machinery and use cheap chemicals. Cheaply made machinery will need more maintenance and may break down quickly. On top of that, they may not be capable of treating the water thoroughly.
ABM Water is a reputed water treatment solution provider company in Bangladesh. They have been carefully planning, constructing, and installing different kinds of water treatment plants for more than two decades.
Their plants are built with the best quality machinery and make use of the best chemicals. They can build you a water treatment plant that will perfectly treat the wastewater you want to deal with.