Effluent treatment plants remove industrial effluents and contaminated water from outlet pipes, rivers, and lakes, among other places, and recycle the water resource for various uses. Its main purpose is to treat the water in such a way so that it can be reused or safely disposed of.
In this article, you shall know about the different types of the effluent treatment plant and their functions.
Types of Effluent Treatment Plant
Wastewater treatment is the process of removing impurities from wastewater before it is reused or discharged. The physical infrastructure where wastewater of industries and factories is processed is known as a wastewater treatment plant.
There are several types of effluent treatment plants. Let’s take a look at some of them:
Sewage Treatment Plant
Sewage is made up of domestic and commercial wastewater, as well as perhaps pre-treated industrial waste. There are a variety of sewage treatment methods to choose from.
Sewage treatment is a sort of wastewater treatment that eliminates contaminants from sewage to generate an output that is safe to dump or reuse, preventing water pollution from raw sewage discharges.
The overall purpose of sewage treatment is to produce effluent that can be discharged into the environment with little water contamination or that may be reused in a useful manner. These plants are generally used by municipalities to treat residential wastewater.
Residential wastewater frequently contains human or animal excreta, as well as food items. Because they deal with organic waste, these facilities require less water filtration operations. Without sufficient sewage treatment, unpleasant odors, sewer overflow, and other problems will make our life difficult.
Read also: Sewage Treatment Plant In Bangladesh
Effluent Treatment Plants (Common and Combined) (CEPTs)
Smaller wastewater generators can use common and combined effluent treatment systems to handle their waste. Smaller manufacturing enterprises and other wastewater-producing operations, such as tanneries, cannot always afford to operate their own effluent treatment plants. They lack the financial resources to maintain and run these big, complex facilities in a safe and efficient manner.
CEPTs provide an answer and allow multiple wastewater-generating facilities in an industrial zone to pool their effluent and treat it in a centralized plant. The costs of maintaining and operating the CEPT are shared by all of the minor facilities that send their wastewater to it. They obtain clean, compliant effluent in exchange for not having to run many full-scale facilities.
Read Also: How Does Effluent Treatment Plant Work?
Activated Sludge Plants (ASPs)
Plants that handle activated sludge are comparable to sewage treatment plants. To digest biological pollutants, they treat sewage wastewater using activated sludge. Though activated sludge may be used as a supplementary treatment in an STP, it plays a more prominent role in an ASP.
Dissolved oxygen is used in activated sludge operations to encourage the formation of biological flocs, which are clumps of organic matter. Following that, the biological flocs aid in the breakdown of pollutants in the wastewater. They trap particles and clean wastewater by converting ammonia to nitrites and nitrates, which are then converted to harmless nitrogen gas.
Why wastewater treatment is necessary?
Humans and the ecosystem are both poisoned by wastewater. Wastewater treatment facilities aid in the purification of water and the eradication of circumstances such as those currently occurring in developing countries. Unsafe drinking water causes diseases and deaths in underdeveloped nations.
Wastewater treatment also helps to safeguard the environment. Freshwater is an essential requirement for fish and aquatic life. They are unable to survive when their water environment is contaminated with effluent.
Excessive levels of chemicals, such as ammonia, nitrogen, and phosphates, enter streams, rivers, and huge bodies of water, causing excessive plant growth and the release of poisons into the water. This results in oxygen depletion and results in places where fish and other aquatic life are unable to survive.
The primary purpose of wastewater treatment plants is to safeguard people and the environment from the hazardous and toxic components found in wastewater. Because the natural process of cleaning water is overloaded, water treatment facilities were created to speed it up. These facilities cleanse wastewater in a variety of ways before returning the purified water to the environment.
Why should you purchase from ABM Water Company?
ABM Water offer consultancy for Water Treatment. We are well experienced in complete engineering for designing any type of water treatment plant with processes like clarification, filtration, disinfection, demineralization, and membrane processes. We have an experienced, sincere, and hardworking team of professionals with us who are committed to meeting all client requirements.
Our technically advanced systems are custom-engineered to suit any application, thus providing the most economical and efficient solution on the market. We have pioneered some of the most cutting-edge water treatment technology advances including, membrane-based technology, ultraviolet disinfection system, advanced micro-filtration, media-based filtration, and chlorination.
Our aim is to conserve and optimally utilize water resources. We take these issues as a serious challenge and continuously strive to fulfill our client’s expectations to the fullest.