We’ve all heard of water filters in refrigerators and sink filters, but chances are they’re not eliminating as many toxins as they should. Reverse osmosis filtration systems are capable of eliminating a wide range of impurities, resulting in really clean drinking water.
Our tap water may not be as pure as we believe. Even if you have a filtering system, your drinking water is likely to include several contaminants. A reverse osmosis water filtration system may be the solution for you if you want to ensure that the water you and your family consume is clean, safe, and flavorful!
Reverse Osmosis Filtration
The term “reverse osmosis” refers to the technique of filtering water very thoroughly. It requires pressure to drive water through the membrane since it transports water against the natural flow of higher to lower concentrations. A membrane removes particles, ions, and molecules from a solution via reverse osmosis. Mineral reclamation, wastewater treatment, water purification, processed water for dialysis in hospitals, cosmetics and pharmaceutical drug manufacturing, and other uses are only a few examples.
Many reverse osmosis filtration systems use additional filtration procedures in addition to employing a reverse osmosis membrane before collecting the end product. Water is commonly prepared before being filtered through a sand bed, a chlorinator tank, an activated charcoal filter, a deionizer, a microfilter, and other components in many standard reverse osmosis filtration systems.
Read Also: What Is A Reverse Osmosis System?
What are the benefits of installing a reverse osmosis filtration system?
- The taste of reverse osmosis water is superior
- Potent purification of water
- Make space savings
- Maintenance is simple
- Money is saved
Reverse Osmosis Filter Installation
Getting Ready for the Installation
Before you even consider purchasing a reverse osmosis system, be sure it will fit under your kitchen sink. Take measurements of your available area with a tape measure, then compare the results to the dimensions of the system you’re interested in. If feasible, consider transferring some of the heavier objects under your sink to a different spot. Make sure you have adequate room to connect the unit to a dedicated faucet as well. Most reverse osmosis water filters have a faucet, which may need drilling and attaching to your sink or countertop.
Installing The RO System
Check the system and make sure the filter connections and components are suitable for the plumbing beneath your sink before proceeding. Pick up an adaptor tee from your local hardware shop before starting the installation process if you need one to connect the device to your cold water supply. Check to see whether the tee will work with your specific under-sink supply and R.O. feed line. Check to see if your drain pipes or water supply lines need to be shifted; if they do, you may need to hire a professional.
Set up the Faucet
To make the hole wider, start with a 1/4′′ drill bit and then move to a 1/2′′ drill bit. Alternatively, a step bit can be used. Drilling through granite, porcelain/cast iron, stainless steel, or man-made materials will necessitate the use of specialist bits and techniques. If you are unsure about your knowledge or competence, this is an excellent moment to seek professional advice.
It is possible to lose a lot of money if you make a mistake. Make sure you find an appropriate location for your faucet installation, preferably near your current faucet, with enough area for it to swivel and empty into the sink. Connect the waterline (included in your RO setup) to the air gap on the faucet, ensuring that it flows through the faucet opening, and then secure the faucet base to your counter.
Prepare the storage tank
Install the tank connector first, sealing the connections using plumber’s tape to keep leaks at bay. Then, using just your hands, screw the faucet connector onto the storage tank. Put your storage tank under the sink if possible. Because drinking water will be kept in the tank after passing through the RO system, it’s best to place it close to your faucet, preferably right beneath it.
Mount The RO System
If you haven’t previously done so, measure the wall mount for the reverse osmosis unit and mark a spot for it beneath your kitchen sink, making sure that the marks are level. Remember that most systems must be positioned above the cabinet floor so that you may unscrew and replace the filters without having to remove the entire device from beneath the sink. Attach the reverse osmosis water filters directly to the wall mount by screwing them in place.
Fill The Storage Tank With Water Ahead Of Time
Pre-filling your reverse osmosis water tank is one way for ensuring enough pressure while looking for leaks. It will also make flushing your post-filter simpler before use. Simply connect the feed pipe that will later connect to the entry of your RO system straight to your tank to pre-fill it. Allow the tank to fill with drinking water before shutting the tank valve to turn off the pressure. The feed line can then be disconnected from the tank valve.
Join the Water Lines
It’s merely a matter of connecting everything now that you’ve installed your primary system. Your reverse osmosis filtration system’s water line must be linked to your cold water supply line. How the tubing is connected is determined by the condition under your kitchen sink. The majority of reverse osmosis systems come with a half-inch adaptor that will fit the half-inch flex line on your faucet. If the water supply line and the filter’s tubing aren’t compatible, you may need to use an adaptor tee here. For further information, consult your handbook.
Place the Drain Saddle in Place
The reverse osmosis filtering system is connected to the drain by a drain saddle. It permits wastewater to drain into the drainpipe that is already in place beneath the sink. Installing the drain saddle valve above the P- or J-trap in the drain line is not recommended. To reduce noise during operation, this component should be installed on a horizontal waterline.
Check the condition of your drain pipe while you’re down there. If it’s rusty, I’d strongly advise replacing it before connecting any tubing. Drill a hole in the top of the pipe with a 1/4′′ drill bit once you’ve picked your installation location. Bolt the saddle to the pipe to keep it in place. Make that the drilled hole and the drain saddle hole are correctly aligned. When the reverse osmosis system is turned on, water will be able to flow through the drain saddle and into the drain line.
Additional tubing can be connected
After you’ve connected your system to the cold water line, you’ll need to connect the remaining tubing, which includes the tubing that runs from the reverse osmosis filtering system to the storage tank and from the tank to your faucet. Because tubing sizes differ from one device to the next, read your manufacturer’s user manual carefully to ensure you’re connecting yours correctly.
Conduct a pressure test
To get any extra air out of the pipes, turn on the water supply and open the cold water faucet on the sink. The pressure in the system will begin to rise; it will take roughly two hours to reach maximum pressure. Check all of the fittings and tighten any that are loose or leaking after the system is pressurized.
Drain the system by keeping the spigot on and allowing it to empty and purge entirely for 24 hours before utilizing the water for drinking. When the tank is empty, the water will flow out slowly. Continue to check for leaks at this period by leaving it on for the whole 24 hours.
The Bottom Line
A reverse osmosis system is one of the finest options for filtering a home’s drinking water among the different options. A semipermeable membrane filters ions, molecules, and bigger particles from drinking water in this system. Reverse osmosis has significant advantages over other forms of filtration since it has four or five stages of filtering and eliminates the majority of dangerous pollutants, including heavy metals like lead. The long-term benefits of a reverse osmosis system usually mean it pays for itself, so you might believe it’s worth it to spend a bit more on it upfront!